Bhutan ratified the International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1995 by the 73rd session of the National Assembly. Consequent to the ratification of the convention, Bhutan developed the first Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) of Bhutan in 1998 – a guiding policy document for conservation and sustainable utilization of biological resources of the country. Concurrently, the National Biodiversity Centre was instituted in 1998 as a non-departmental agency under the Ministry of Agriculture with the mandate to coordinate biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilization programs in the country, and the implementation of Biodiversity Action Plan (s).


“Effective Conservation, Sustainable utilization & Equitable sharing of benefits arising from access and use of biological resources for present and future generations”


Biological resources effectively conserved and sustainably used for enhancement of livelihood, food security and environmental well-being of the country.


  • Develop policies, legal frameworks and tools to regulate access to biological resources, sustainable utilization and sharing of benefits.
  • Collection, conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity of the country for food and agriculture.
  • Promote sustainable utilization of biological resources through biodiversity prospecting and equitable sharing of benefits arising thereof.
  • Strengthen biodiversity knowledge base for research and effective management of biological resources.
  • To develop institutional and national capacity in the technical, managerial and policy areas of biodiversity.